Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (LTRI) including Community-acquired Pneumonia (CAP) was the 4th leading cause of death in the world in 2012 according to the World Health organization (WHO). This is particularly relevant in lower income countries where LRTI are the number 1 cause of death with 91 deaths per 100 000 population. This is of particular importance in South Africa with a high HIV prevalence rate. LRTI are 25 times more common in the HIV population than the general population.

Furthermore, Medscheme has identified CAP as an emerging risk. Pneumonia also ranked as one of the top two conditions for GP-driven hospital-admissions for Bonitas Medical Scheme in all nine provinces.

There is a clear need to better understand CAP & LRTI, its aetiology, management and prevention

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